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011PHPML6

Philosophie morale et politique contemporaine

Cette UE permet de comprendre et de maîtriser les problématiques et les concepts éthiques fondamentaux liés à la question de la justice sociale. Nous verrons comment, surtout dans A Theory of Justice et Justice as Fairness. A Restatement, Rawls va présenter sa conception de la justice et les principes selon lesquels doit se faire la distribution des droits, libertés et richesses. Nous étudierons la conception rawlsienne en tant que réponse aux utilitaristes, se basant sur la méthode kantienne visant à proposer des principes universels. Nous évoquerons également la critique de Gerald Cohen qui se base sur l’analyse conceptuelle des principes effectuant ainsi un retour à la méthode platonicienne qui consiste à questionner le concept de la justice et à dévoiler sa nature


Temps présentiel : 17.5 heures


Charge de travail étudiant : 75 heures


Méthode(s) d'évaluation : Analyse d'article, Commentaire composé, Compte-rendu d'articles, Contrôle Continu, Dissertation, Examen écrit, Examen final, Examen final - deuxième session


Référence :
Works by John Rawls Rawls, John (2005) Political Liberalism. Expanded edition. New York: Columbia University Press (first published 1993). Rawls, John (2005) A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (first published 1971). Rawls, John (2003) Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (first published 2001). Rawls, John (1999) The Law of Peoples. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Rawls, John (1999) Collected Papers. Samuel Freeman (ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Rawls, John (1980) “Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory”. In Collected Papers. Samuel Freeman (ed.), (1999). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press: pp. 303-358. On Rawls’s Work Arneson, J. Richard (2009) “Justice Is Not Equality”. In Justice, Equality And Constructivism: Essays on G.A. Cohen’s Rescuing Justice and Equality. Brian Feltham (ed.). Oxford and Malden MA: Wiley Blackwell: pp. 5-25. Cohen, Gerald A. (2008) Rescuing Justice and Equality. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Cohen, Gerald A. (1997) “Where the Action is: On the Site of Distributive Justice”. In Philosophy and Public Affairs. Vol. 26, No. 1: pp. 3-30. (Here as chapter 3 of RJE). Cohen, Gerald A. (1992) “Incentives, Inequality, and Community”. In The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. Grethe Peterson (ed.). Salt Lake City: Utah University Press. Vol. 13: pp. 263-329. (Here as chapter 1 of RJE). Narveson, Jan (1978) “Rawls on Equal Distribution of Wealth”. In Philosophia. Vol. 7: pp. 281-292. Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books. Nussbaum, Martha C. (2005) Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Pogge, Thomas (1994). “An Egalitarian Law of Peoples”. In Philosophy and Public Affairs. Vol. 23, pp. 194-224. Richardson, Henry S. (2006). “Rawlsian Social Contract and the Severely Disabled”. In Journal of Ethics. Vol. 10, pp. 419-462. Saadé, Eliane (2015). The Concept of Justice and Equality. Berlin, Boston: Walter de Gruyter. Sandel, Michael (1998). Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (first published 1982). Scheffler, Samuel (2006) “Is the Basic Structure Basic?”. In The Egalitarian Conscience. Essays in Honor of G.A. Cohen. Christine Sypnowich (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press: pp. 102-129. Scheffler, Samuel (2005) “Choice, Circumstance, and the Value of Equality”. In Politics, Philosophy and Economics. Vol. 4: pp. 5-28. Sen, Amartya (2011). The Idea of Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Titelbaum, G. Michael (2008) “What Would a Rawlsian Ethos of Justice Look Like?”. In Philosophy & Public Affairs. Vol. 36, No. 3: pp. 289-322.

Ce cours est proposé dans les diplômes suivants
 Licence en philosophie
Licence en philosophie
Master en histoire - relations internationales
Master en histoire - relations internationales
Master en philosophie
Master en philosophie
Master en sociologie et anthropologie
Master en sociologie et anthropologie